Similarity #1. Participants in both studies had a hard time ending their participation, and the most continued right until the end. The reasons in this were comparable in both studies.
Likeness #2. The two Milgram and Zimbardo explained reported the effects of personality distinctions were very limited. For Zimbardo, the only individuality characteristic that seemed to have any effect was authoritarianism; and this attribute was crucial only for hostage behavior. Those prisoners who were high in authoritarianism were best able to manage the oppressive conditions inside the prison and, thus, remained there the longest. For least four (and might be five) in the initial group of nine prisoners, on the other hand, needed to be released even before the study was ended because of severe stress caused by situations.
Difference #1. A major difference between Zimbardo's and Milgram's studies is the fact, in the jail study, just one experimental treatment was performed вЂ” staying assigned for the role of prisoner or perhaps guard. This is a major constraint because we all cannot know, as we did in the Milgram study, which will factors in the situation were most crucial for the behaviors noticed. There is no doubt that every participant's self-definition as hostage or protect was important, but it may have helped all of us to develop a deeper understanding of how this kind of a self-definition can be preserved if Zimbardo and his co-workers had various other factors for the circumstance. For example , could wearing regular clothes, that might have triggered increased emotions of style, have resulted in decreased role playing? Would a decrease in the fact of the simulation (perhaps simply by removing the bars on the doors, or perhaps having grounds security " arrestвЂќ the prisoners) did the same? It will have been very interesting, for example , whenever we had found that non-e of these elements were important вЂ” that, instead, it was simply the determining of an arbitrary social role by an authority determine and the...
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