Antarctica (pronounced /ænˈtɑrtɨkə/ or /ænˈtɑrktɨkə/ ( listen))[Note 1] is Earth's southernmost continent, encapsulating the South Post. It is located within the Antarctic region of the Southern Hemisphere, almost totally south from the Antarctic Ring, and is surrounded by the The southern area of Ocean. In 14. zero million km2 (5. some million sq mi), is it doesn't fifth-largest country in location after Asia, Africa, The united states, and South usa. For assessment, Antarctica is almost twice how big Australia. About 98% of Antarctica is definitely covered by snow that averages at least 1 . 6 kilometres (0. 99 mi) in thickness.
Antarctica, on average, is the coldest, driest, and windiest continent, and has the maximum average height of all the regions. Antarctica is considered a wasteland, with annual precipitation of only 2 hundred mm (8 inches) along the coast and far less inland. The heat in Antarctica has come to −89 °C (−129 °F). There are not any permanent man residents, yet anywhere from you, 000 to 5, 000 persons reside all year round at the analysis stations existing across the continent. Only cold-adapted organisms survive there, which include many types of wrack, animals (for example bugs, nematodes, penguins, seals and tardigrades), bacterias, fungi, plant life, and protista. Vegetation wherever it takes place is tundra.
Although common myths and supposition about a Terra Australis (" Southern Land" ) may date back to antiquity, the first verified sighting from the continent is usually accepted to have occurred in 1820 by the Russian expedition of Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen and Mikhail Lazarev. The continent, nevertheless , remained mainly neglected for the remainder of the nineteenth century because of its hostile environment, lack of resources, and seclusion. The Antarctic Treaty was signed in the 50s by 12 countries; thus far, 47 countries have agreed upon the treaty. The treaty prohibits armed forces activities and mineral mining, prohibits indivisible explosions and nuclear electric power, supports technological research, and...
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